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Feb 26, 2016 / Haseeb Jamal -

5 Travel Myths You Need to Stop Believing Right Now

Feb 26, 2016 / Haseeb Jamal -

Canal Comes Alive with Lighted Boat Parade.

Advantages of Natural Seasoning of Wood

To increase dimensional stability. Wood shrinks across the grain (not along the grain) when it dries. If wood is cut to size before it is seasoned, it will shrink during drying and thus be undersized in its final form. To reduce or eliminate attack by decay or stain. Wood that is dried below 20 percent moisture content is not susceptible to decay or sap staining. To reduce the

When and Where to use the Different Types of Paints

Sealers are applied to unpainted surfaces to Stop stains and marks from bleeding through topcoats For oily or smokey stains leg on ceilings use an acrylic stain sealer For water stains use an oil-based sealer Already painted surfaces don't need a sealer unless stained Stop bare surfaces absorbing too much topcoat For new plasterboard use an acrylic wallboard sealer

What is the Purpose of Applying Paints?

Paints may be used for many purposes. The main purposes of paint are to provide: 1. Decoration to Interiors and Exteriors of a Building 2. Protective Layer 3. Ease of Cleaning They are used to enhance the interior and exterior of a building by adding pigments, lightness or darkness Reflective surfaces can be also be obtained Now a days textures are also added for different designs

Composition of Ordinary Portland Cement

The chief chemical components of ordinary Portland cement are: Calcium, Silica, Alumina, Iron. Calcium is usually derived from limestone, marl or chalk while silica, alumina and iron come from the sands, clays & iron ores. Other raw materials may include shale, shells and industrial byproducts. The chief compound which usually form in process of mixing:

Environmental Impact of Ordinary Portland Cement

There are lots of environmental impacts of Cement on our ecology. One of the major problems is emission of CO2 from the Cement industry. It is found that world yearly 1.6 billion tons production of cement covers 7% of carbon dioxide's yearly production. As CO2 is harmful for human health and also for the wild life. It causes many respiratory problems like asthma, bronchitis, and nasal infections.

Tests Applied on Bitumen in Roads for Quality Construction

Experience in using bitumen in engineering projects has led to the adoption of certain test procedures that are indicative of the characteristics that identify adequate performance levels. Some of the tests have evolved with the development of the industry and are empirical methods. Consequently it is essential that they are carried out in strict compliance with the

Applications & Uses of Building Stones in Civil Engineering

Stone being so important in the light of the above uses still is not widely used in construction. The reasons are: Stones are replaced by the increased use of RCC. Dressing of stones is time consuming Stones are not cheaply and conveniently available in plain areas. Marble is widely used in construction industry, for aesthetic purposes, beautification and strength. Nite, and

Properties of Stones and Tests Applied on Stones

The more compact grained and heavier a stone the harder it is. Due to alternate wetting and drying the resulting crushing strength can be reduced even up to 30-40%. Being dry stones allow more crushing strength than when wet. It is the ability of a stone to endure and maintain its essential and distinctive characteristics i.e. resistance to decay, strength and

Geological Classification and Characteristics of Stones

Sandstone, limestone, dolomite originally formed mainly in sea water, or lakes, from the remains of animals and plants, also from transportation and deposition of rock products. Geologically the stones can be classified as follows:.... A. Detrital is made from disintegrated pre-existing rock. B. Biogenetic is made from shells and other fossilized fragments. C. Chemical is made

Lab Report of Los Angeles Abrasion Test on a Given Sample

The Los Angeles test is a measure of degradation of mineral aggregates of standard gradings resulting from a combination of actions including abrasion or attrition, impact, and grinding in a rotating steel drum containing a specified number of steel spheres. The Los Angeles (L.A.) abrasion test is a common test method used to indicate aggregate toughness and abrasion

To Perform Penetration Test on Bitumen

In this test we examine the consistency of a sample of bitumen by determining the distance in tenths of a millimetre that a standard needle vertically penetrates the bitumen specimen under known conditions of loading, time and temperature. This is the most widely used method of measuring the consistency of a bituminous material at a given temperature. It is a means of

Applications and Uses of Aggregates

Aggregates are the most mined material in the world. Construction aggregate is a broad category of granular raw material of different sizes (sand, gravel, crushed stone, slag, recycled concrete etc) used in construction. Aggregate can be used in a number of ways in construction. In roads and railway ballast the aggregates are used to resist the overall (static as well as

To Determine the Softening Point of Bitumen

Bitumen is viscous elastic material without sharply defined melting points. They gradually become softer and less viscous as the temperature rises. This is the reason why the softening point of bitumen is determined. Softening point is not a melting point, bituminous material do not melt but instead gradually change from semi solids to liquids on application to heating. Softening point is indicative of the tendency of

To Perform Ductility Test on Bitumen

Ductility is the property of bitumen that permits it to undergo great deformation or elongation. Ductility is defined as the distance in cm, to which a standard sample or briquette of the material will be elongated without breaking. Dimension of the briquette thus formed is exactly 1 cm square. The bitumen sample is heated and poured in the molds assembly placed on a plate.

Factors Affecting Strength, Hardness and Toughness of Stones

The composition of the compounds determines its hardness or softness. Stones containing Si, Na, K are poor while that containing Mg, Ca, and Fe are good, as they are harder. If the stone is composed of soft and unhardened materials it will result in a soft materials and vice versa. The amount of soft and hard material in a specific sample of stone also matters.

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