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Feb 26, 2016 / Haseeb Jamal -

5 Travel Myths You Need to Stop Believing Right Now

Feb 26, 2016 / Haseeb Jamal -

Canal Comes Alive with Lighted Boat Parade.

Tests Applied on Bitumen in Roads for Quality Construction

Experience in using bitumen in engineering projects has led to the adoption of certain test procedures that are indicative of the characteristics that identify adequate performance levels. Some of the tests have evolved with the development of the industry and are empirical methods. Consequently it is essential that they are carried out in strict compliance with the

Lab Report of Los Angeles Abrasion Test on a Given Sample

The Los Angeles test is a measure of degradation of mineral aggregates of standard gradings resulting from a combination of actions including abrasion or attrition, impact, and grinding in a rotating steel drum containing a specified number of steel spheres. The Los Angeles (L.A.) abrasion test is a common test method used to indicate aggregate toughness and abrasion

To Perform Penetration Test on Bitumen

In this test we examine the consistency of a sample of bitumen by determining the distance in tenths of a millimetre that a standard needle vertically penetrates the bitumen specimen under known conditions of loading, time and temperature. This is the most widely used method of measuring the consistency of a bituminous material at a given temperature. It is a means of

To Determine the Softening Point of Bitumen

Bitumen is viscous elastic material without sharply defined melting points. They gradually become softer and less viscous as the temperature rises. This is the reason why the softening point of bitumen is determined. Softening point is not a melting point, bituminous material do not

To Perform Ductility Test on Bitumen

Ductility is the property of bitumen that permits it to undergo great deformation or elongation. Ductility is defined as the distance in cm, to which a standard sample or briquette of the material will be elongated without breaking. Dimension of the briquette thus formed is exactly 1 cm square. The bitumen sample is heated and poured in the molds assembly placed on a plate.

Types of Bitumen and Importance of Bituminous Materials

Bitumen is an essential component of any pavement and is used widely throughout the world. It can be termed as the building block of the pavements without which all the pavement materials would behave independently and thus will be deemed useless. Almost ninety percent of bitumen is used in road construction. It is usually available in dark colors ranging from brown

Properties of Bitumen

Adhesion: Binds together all the components without bringing about any positive or negative changes in their properties. Bitumen has the ability to adhere to a solid surface in a fluid state depending on the nature of the surface. The presence of water on the surface will prevent adhesion. Resistance to Water: Bitumen is insoluble in water and can serve as an

Chemical and Physical Composition of Bitumen

Coal tar is a brown or dark black liquid of high viscosity, which smells of naphthalene and aromatic hydrocarbons. Being flammable, coal tar is sometime used for heating or to fire boilers. It can be used in coal tar soap, and is used in medicated shampoo to kill and repel head lice, and as a treatment for dandruff. Depending upon its source of origin, TAR is classified as:

Applications of Bitumen in Civil Engineering

The term bituminous materials is generally used to denote substances in which bitumen is present or from which it can be derived. Bitumen is defined as an amorphous, black or dark-colored, (solid, semi-solid, or viscous) cementitious substance, composed principally of high molecular weight hydrocarbons, and soluble in carbon disulfide. This article presents the

Definition and Properties of Emulsified Asphalt

A mixture of asphalt cement, water and emulsifying agent (free flowing liquid at ordinary temperature). These three constituents are fed simultaneously into a colloid to produce extremely small globules (5-10µ) of asphalt cement, which are suspended in water. The emulsion contain about 50% - 65% bitumen. Is graded as rapid setting, medium setting (MS) and slow setting

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