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Feb 26, 2016 / Haseeb Jamal -

5 Travel Myths You Need to Stop Believing Right Now

Feb 26, 2016 / Haseeb Jamal -

Canal Comes Alive with Lighted Boat Parade.

History, Design and Construction of Taj Mahal

History "A white marble tomb built in 1631-48 in Agra, seat of the Mugal Empire, by Shah Jehan for his wife, Arjuman Banu Begum, the monument sums up many of the formal themes that have played through Islamic architecture. Its refined elegance is a conspicuous contrast both to the Hindu architecture of pre-Islamic India, with its thick walls, corbeled arches, and heavy lintels,

Selection of Stones for Building Construction

Once a stone has been selected on aesthetic basis, it is important than to ensure whether it exhibits the necessary physical properties and durability to remain in working condition for a long time. Confirm the traditional name of the stone and test it in the field for properties like streak, color, hardness etc. It is better to confirm whether the amount and quality of stone

How to Build a Stone Wall?

To assist in your stacking, sort the stone by size; setting aside the smallest pieces to use as shims (these will help level unsteady larger stones). Prepare for this activity by stretching well and always lift using your arms and legs, not your back Shims (shown far right), or smaller stones, help level unsteady larger pieces. Map out the design by digging a trench about 6" deep and as wide as

Differences between stone and brick masonry

First of all, in brick masonry, brick is the smallest structural unit and in stone construction stone is the smallest structural unit. Stone masonry is usually used in rural areas and its best kind, which is very costly can be used for very strong construction. In brick masonry the size and shape of the brick matters a lot but not in stone masonry. The discontinuity of joints is important in both

Structural Elements of Reinforced Concrete Buildings

Concrete is a stone like substance obtained by permitting a carefully proportioned mixture of cement, sand and gravel or other aggregate and water to harden in forms of the shape and of dimensions of the desired structure. Long horizontal or inclined members with limited width and height are called beams. Their main function is to transfer loads from the slab to the columns.

Structural & Non Structural Defects in Construction

Concrete is very versatile material. It can be cast in place with or without reinforcement. It can also be precast or prestressed in order to achieve the required strength. In order to achieve the required strength. There is the need of proper understanding of its behavior and constituents that are making the concrete. Any type of negligence in any of its phase like placement, design & maintenance

Reasons to Keep Factor of Safety in Building Construction

Factor of Safety in buildings or other construction is kept so that to compensate any uncertainty in the design process. The uncertainty could come from anywhere in the design process including calculations, material strengths, environmental conditions, natural phenomenons, duty of the structure and last but not the least quality of materials used. Though there exist some

Types and Classification of Bricks

Classification of Bricks Based on Quality Based on uses Based on Composition Based on Manufacturing Process Tests for Bricks Compression Test Soundness Test Water Absorption Test Efflorescence Test Dimensional Tolerance Composition of a Brick Normally, brick contains the following ingredients by weight

Design of Formwork for Building Loads

Self load shall be determined by either actual measurement or in accordance with IS 875 (Part I) the unit weight of wet concrete including reinforcement shall be taken as 26 kN/m². However, in absence of the data, load may be assumed as 500 N/M2 for the purpose of initial calculations. Loads during constructional operation shall constitute the imposed loads [see IS 875 (Part 2 ) Where

Reinforced Concrete Building Elements

The floor of the basement of the building. It is also called cellar. The basement floor is either completely or partially below the ground floor. A basement can be used in almost exactly the same manner as an additional above-ground floor of a house or other building. However, the use of basements depends largely on factors specific to a particular geographical area such as climate, soil,

Factors Affecting Site Selection of Residential Buildings

There are many factors which must be taken in to account while selecting a site for a commercial and residential buildings. Some of these factors are given below. Shape of the Plot Location of the plot Availability of amenities Water Table Sewerage system Geometry of the plot for any kind of construction is very important which can largely effect the appearance of your structure.

Factors for Site Selection of Commercial Building

The following are the few factors which must be taken into account while selecting a site for commercial building. Location. Climate of region Availability of raw materials for Cost and time frame Population of the region The value of a commercial building depends upon its location, whether it is located in the center of the region or at the borders or on the main road or away from the main road. For a good commercial building it should be on the main road and in the

Construction of Multi Storey Buildings

Since the thermal expansion of concrete is different from that of masonry. The interface between the concrete and the masonry is liable to crack. To avoid this crack the chicken wire mesh is used to avoid the crack and also provides the better grip for Masonry with concrete. Similarly when the drainage pipes are laid along with the outer wall then again the connection between the pipe and

ACI Building Code Requirements and Safety Provisions

Structural members must always be proportioned to resist loads greater than service or actual loads, in order to provide proper safety against failure. In the strength design method, the member is designed to resist the factored loads which are obtained by multiplying the factored loads with live loads. Different factors are used for different loadings. As dead loads can be estimated

Types of Floors and Methods of Construction

The floor whose topping is of brick. These are easy to construct and repair. but the surface resulting from these is not smooth and is rough, hence, easily absorbs and retains moisture which may cause dampness in the building. For constructing a brick floor, the top surface of earth or murram filling is properly consolidated. Over this compacted earth, a layer of clean sand about 10 cm thick

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