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Standard Compaction Test and Modified Compaction Test

By: Haseeb Jamal / On: Feb 03, 2017 / Definition, Factors Affecting
 
 

1. Standard Compaction Test ASTM D698 and AASHTO T99, AS 1289-E1.1

ASTM 1st method for compaction

In Standard Compaction Test the soil is compacted into a mould in 3 - 5 equal layers, each layer receiving 25 blows of a hammer of standard weight. The apparatus is shown in Figure 1 above. The energy (compactive effort) supplied in this test is 595 kJ/m3. The important dimensions are:

Volume of mould

Hammer mass

Drop of hammer

1000 cm3

2.5 kg

300 mm

Because of the benefits from compaction, contractors have built larger and heavier machines to increase the amount of compaction of the soil. It was found that the Standard Compaction test could not reproduce the densities measured in the field and this led to the development of the Modified Compaction test.

2. Modified Compaction Test ASTM D1557 and AASHTO T180, AS 1289-E2.1

In Modified Compaction Test the procedure and equipment is essentially the same as that used for the Standard test except that 5 layers of soil must be used. To provide the increased compactive effort (energy supplied = 2072 J/m3) a heavier hammer and a greater drop height for the hammer are used. The key dimensions for the Modified test are:

Volume of mould

Hammer mass

Drop of hammer

1000 cm3

4.9 kg

450 mm

ASTM 2nd method for compaction

Figure: Apparatus for laboratory compaction tests

 
Let us know in the comments what you think about the concepts in this article!

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