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Heath and Safety Issues due to Solid Wastes

Solid waste management crises are directly related to the human health, economy and environment. In developing world, solid waste management authorities are seriously facing the associated problems in collection, transportation and disposal of communal solid waste.

Physical Characteristics of Solid Waste

In order to identify the exact characteristics of municipal wastes, it is necessary that we analyze those using physical, chemical and biological parameters which are discussed below: Information and data on the physical characteristics of solid wastes are important for the selection and operation of equipment and for the analysis and design of

Factors Affecting Solid Waste Management System

Following are the factors affecting solid waste management system, its design, development, and operation: Institutional Factors Social Factors Financial Factors Economic Factors Technical Factors Environmental Factors

Collection of Solid Wastes

Collection of Solid Wastes and separated waste in an urban area is difficult and complex because the generation of residential and commercial-industrial solid waste takes place in every home, every apartment building, and every commercial and industrial facility as well as in the streets, parks, and even vacant areas.

Functional Elements of Solid Waste Management System

A comprehensive solid waste management system comprises of six basic functional elements including generation of the solid waste, on-site handling & storage, its collection, transfer & transport, material and resource recovery and disposal. Generation of solid waste is a result of natural, human and animal activities. Knowledge of generation of solid

Types of Solid Wastes - Based on Origin and Composition

Solid wastes are the organic and inorganic waste materials such as product packaging, grass clippings, furniture, clothing, bottles, kitchen refuse, paper, appliances, paint cans, batteries, etc., produced in a society, which do not generally carry any value to the first user(s). Solid wastes, thus, encompass both a heterogeneous mass of wastes from the urban

Hospital Waste - Definition, Risks and Segregation Guidelines

Hospital waste or Biomedical waste are any kind of waste that contains infectious or potentially infectious material. These materials can include waste generated by healthcare facilities like clinics, hospitals, laboratories, medical research facilities, and veterinary clinics. Medical waste can contain bodily fluids like blood or other contaminants.

Hospital Waste Landfill in Peshawar

Landfill is generally considered when adequate incineration facilities are not available. The site of landfill should be away from any possible pollution of ground water and rivers. Only the bio-medical risk waste is buried in a landfill designed for this purpose, to maximize the life of the site.

Clinical Wastes, Hospital Radiation & Radiography

These include human and animal tissue on excretions, drugs medicinal products, swabs and dressing etc. This classification is expended due to their importance and the fact that these affect our Environment and ecological system, ultimately effect on our health. A study based on a survey of some 17 hospitals indicates that solvent and chemicals are the

Solid Waste Landfill Site Selection

Land area and volume should be sufficient enough to provide landfill capacity so that the projected need can be fulfilled for several years. In this way the cost coming on all that procedure can be justified. The landfill site should not be at locations where suitable buffer zones between land fill site and population are not available. The landfill area having steep gradient (where

Municipal Solid Waste Generation & its Disposal Practices in Pakistan

Solid waste can be defined as material that no longer has any value to the person who is responsible for it, and is not intended to be discharged through a pipe. It is generated by domestic, commercial, industrial, health care,agricultural and mineral extraction activities and accumulates in streets and public places. The words "garbage", "trash", "refuse" and "rubbish" are

Composting of Solid Waste, Objectives & Its Steps

Defined as "biological decomposition of biodegradable organic constituents of waste under controlled conditions to a state sufficiently stable for nuisance free storage & handling and for safe use in land applications"

Composting Definition, Objectives Process

Defined as “biological decomposition of biodegradable organic constituents of waste under controlled conditions to a state sufficiently stable for nuisance free storage & handling and for safe use in land applications”

Types of Hospital Waste | Risk Waste, Non-Risk Waste

These wastes include Liquid, solid or gaseous waste contaminated with radio nuclides generated from invitro (outside) analysis of body tissue/fluid, invivo (body organ imaging) and tumor localizations and investigations and therapeutic procedures. Non-risk waste is that, which is comparable to normal domestic garnage and presents no greater risk, therefore, than waste

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