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Scope, Benefits and Problems in Environmental Impact Assessment

By: Haseeb Jamal / On: Dec 28, 2017 / Environmental Effects, EIA
Problems in Environmental Impact Assessment

Benefits of Environmental Impact Assessment

The main benefits of EIA  process are:

  • Improved project design / siting
  • More informed decision making with improved opportunities for public involvement in decision making.
  • More environmentally sensitive decisions;
  • Increased accountability and transparency during the development process;
  • Improved integration of projects into their environmental and social setting;
  • Reduced environmental damage;
  • More effective projects in terms of meeting their financial and/or socio-economic objectives; and
  • A positive contribution towards achieving sustainability.

The study of EIA effectiveness shows a number of difficulties and constraints, generally, although not universally applicable, that continue to prevent and hinder EIA from consistently delivering these advantages and benefits:

Scope of EIA

Small scale projects not included in most environmental impact assessment systems although their cumulative impacts may be significant over time.

Problems in Environmental Impact Assessment

  • Difficulties in ensuring adequate and useful public involvement (or participation);
  • Insufficient integration of EIA work at key decision points in relation to feasibility and similar studies in the project life-cycle; with some major decisions being made even before EIAs are completed;
  • Lack of consistency in selection of developments requiring specific environmental impact assessment studies;
  • Inadequate understanding of the relative roles of baseline description and impact prediction;
  • Poor integration of biophysical environmental impacts with social, economic and health effects also adds to the Problems in Environmental Impact Assessment;
  • Production of EIA reports which are not easily understood by decision makers and the public because of their length and technical complexity;
  • Lack of mechanisms to ensure that EIA reports are considered in decision-making;
  • Weak linkages between environmental impact assessment report recommendations on mitigation and monitoring and project implementation and operation; and
  • Limited technical and managerial capacities in many countries to implement EIAs result in Problems in carrying out Environmental Impact Assessment.

Comments

joshuaprice153 Aug 23, 2019

I’ve been visiting your blog for a while now and I always find a gem in your new posts. Thanks for your usual wonderful effort. Realty Hub

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