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Mathematical Relation Between Duty, Delta and Base Period

By: Haseeb Jamal / On: Jan 19, 2017 / Irrigation Engineering
Mathematical Relation Between Duty, Delta and Base Period
 
 

Definitions

Base Period:

It is the period from the first to the last watering of the crop just before its maturity. It is denoted by “B” and expressed in number of days.

Delta:

It is the total depth of water required by a crop during entire base period. It is also called consumptive use. It lies in base period. It is expressed in terms of depth and denoted by “Δ’.

Duty:

The duty of water is defined as number of hectares that can be irrigated by constant supply of water at the rate of one cumec throughout the base period. It is expressed in hectares/cumec and is denoted by “D”. For example if 3 cumecs of water is required for the crop sown in, an area 5100 hectares, the duty of the irrigation will be 51003 = 1700 hectares/cumecs and the discharge of 3 cumecs is required throughout the base period.

The Mathematical Relation Between Duty, Delta and Base Period in both systems is explained as follows:

Mathematical Relation Between Duty, Delta and Base Period In M.K.S System

Let,

Duty = D (hectares/cumecs)

Delta = A meters Base period = B days By definition,

One cumec of water flowing continuously for “B” days gives a depth of water “A” over an area of “D” hectares.

Volume of water @ 1m3sec in one day = 1x24*60*60 = 86400 m3

Volume of water @ 1m3sec in "B" days = 1x24*60*60 = 86400B m3 = 86400 m2m — (i)

As, 1 Hectare = 10000 m2

1 m2 = 1104 H

Then, equation (i) becomes,

Volume of water @ 1 m3sec in "B" days = 86400B m3 = 86400B*1104 H-m Volume of water @ 1 m3sec in "B" days = 8.64 x B H-m — (ii)

Depth of water required by crop, A = Volume Area A = 8.64xB H-mD H A = 8.64*B D m

In F.P.S System:

Let,

Duty = D (Acres/cusecs)

Delta = A feet Base period = B days By definition,

One cusec of water flowing continuously for “B” days gives a depth of water “A” over an area of “D” acres.

Volume of water @ 1 ft3sec in one day = 1x24*60*60 = 86400 3

Volume of water @ 1 ft3sec in "B" days = 1x24*60*60 = 86400B ft 3 = 86400 ft2ft —(i)

As, 1 Acre = 43560 ft2 1 ft2 = 143560 Acre Then, equation i becomes,

Volume of water @ 1 ft3sec in "B" days = 86400B ft3 = 86400B*143560 Acre-ft Volume of water @ 1 ft3sec in "B" days = 1.983*B Acre-ft —(ii)

Depth of water required by crop,A = Volume Area A = 1.983 B Acre-ftD Acre A = 1.983xB D ft

 

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