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Design of Water Channel (Canals)

By: Haseeb Jamal / On: Aug 25, 2017 / Design of, Shallow
 
 

The channel is the same thing that is used for the water carriage purpose, however in case of hydropower projects the channel that takes water from the intake (Diversion Structure) is usually called connecting channel. It's tunnel is to be used in between the intake and power house otherwise called headrace channel, if no tunnel is to be used in between the intake and power house.

Lets take a general Example of design of small channel with design discharge of 390 lit/sec.

Design of Canal / Channel Design

Design discharge of the channel Q = 390 lps

Length of the channel L = 65 m

Cross sectional area of the channel A = Q / V = 0.39 / 1.0

= 0.39 m2

V = max. velocity permissible through the channel = 1.0 m/s

Cross sectional dimensions of the Water channel

From economic consideration

Top width = T = 2d

Area A = T x d = 2d2

Depth d =0.39/2 = 0.44 m

Provide a free board of 15cm

Total depth D = 0.60 m

Base width B = 0.44 x 2 = 0.88 m ~ 0.9 m

Hydraulic radius R = wetted area = A/P = 0.90 x 0.45

wetted perimeter 0.90 + 0.45 x 2 = 0.225

Channel bed slope S = nv 2 R 2/3 = 0.015 x 1.0 2 = 0.00164(0.225) 2/3

Head loss = Channel bed slope x Length of the channel = 0.00164x 65 = 0.11m

 

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