It is a device which converts mechanical energy into electrical energy or hydraulic energy into electrical energy. Turbines can also be termed as machines extracting energy from fluids. Water driven tubes are used primarily for the development of hydro-electric energy. There can be two basic types of hydraulic turbines. In impulse turbines a free jet of water strikes the
A length of tube was connected to the calibrator drain and laid into the channel to prevent spillage of water on the bench top. The calibrator was leveled by the adjusting feel whilst observing the spirit level.
Hydraulic jump is the phenomenon of open channels. Before defining the hydraulic jump it is necessary to describe the terms "super critical flow" and "sub critical flow" in order to clearly understand that "what is hydraulic jump" Hydraulic jump usually occurs in super critical flow. In order to describe the super critical flow and sub critical flow, there is need to define the