Design of Steel Beam:
The development of a plastic stress distribution over the cross-section can be hindered by two different length effects:
Lateral Torsional Buckling
- A simply supported beam can be subjected to gravity transverse loading.
- Due to this loading the beam will deflect downward and its upper part will be placed in compression and hence will act as compression member.
- Beams are generally proportioned such that moment of inertia about the major principal axis is considerably larger than that of minor axis.
- This is done to make
As result they are weak in resistance to TORSION and BENDING about the Minor axis. If bending about Y-axis is not prevented by bracing, the beam will undergo Lateral-Torsional-Buckling before the bending moment capacity of the beam is achieved.