Blaney Criddle & Hargreaves method of measuring Evapotranspiration
The estimation of potential evapotranspiration is achieved by adopting empirical approaches, such as the Thornthwaite equation, the Blaney-Criddle formula and the Hargreaves method, all having as a requirement the availability of temperature data. The data set is made up of temperature time series, obtained from gauging stations.
The potential evapotranspiration estimated for each station using the above-mentioned methods is spatially integrated, in order to obtain the areal potential evapotranspiration.
The methods adopted for the spatial integration of the point estimates are the Kriging method, the method of Inverse Distance Weighting, the Spline method and the Thiessen method, using applications in a Geographic Information System (GIS) with a spatial resolution of 200x200m2.
u k (k ) (t x p) / 100
TR = kc kt) u = monthly consumptive use (inches)
kt = climatic coefficient
= 0.173 * t - 0.314
kc = crop growth stage coefficient
t = mean monthly air temperature (°F)
p = monthly percentage of annual daylight hours
Hargreaves Method of measurement of Evapotranspiration
Originally developed in 1975
ETo 0.0023(Tmax Tmin T 17.8) R
ETo = grass reference ET (mm/day)
Tmax = maximum daily air temperature (°C)
Tmin = minimum daily air temperature (°C)
Tmean = mean daily air temperature = (Tmax + Tmin) / 2
Ra = extraterrestrial radiation (mm/day)
Ra (mm/day) = Ra (MJ/m2/day) / 2.45