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Structural Engineering

Structure Engineering is the most major field in Civil Engineering. In this field engineers design structures, analyze their stability by the use of softwares or manual calculations and then construct them. In the previous five decades structural engineering has evolved to be an interesting and important field, It includes the study of dynamics of a structure, its load capacity, design and economy. Due to an increase in the demand of earthquake-proof buildings, the importance of structural engineers has also come to light.

Lectures, Notes and ebooks of Structural Engineering

Circular Curves Structures, Definition, Types and Classification Curvature & RefractionCurvature & Refraction

A type of structure formed by members in triangular form, the resulting figure is called a truss. In truss joints are pin connected and loads are applied at joints. No shear force & bending moment are produced. Only axial compression and axial tension is to be determined while analyzing a truss

Structural Members

Those members that are interconnected in such a way so as to constitute a structure are called structural members.... read more [Read More]

In civil engineering survey the survey engineers perform various measurements to do professional surveing. The surveying Leveling techniques are aided by instruments as theodolite, Level, tripods, tapes, chains, telescopes etc and then the surveying engineer dafts a report on the proceedings. Curvature and Refraction occur due to.....

Surveying as a Career

Surveying Equipment

Errors in Surveying & Levelling Designing Coastal Structures

Coastal structures are the structures that are constructed near to the coastal areas for different purposes. Different types of coastal structures are constructed under different circumstances but the criteria to be used for the selection and design of specific type of coastal structure must be authentic and comply with the standards... read more [Read More]

There are a various set of criteria that need to be considered in the selection and design of coastal structures.

  • Structural stability criteria
  • Functional performance criteria
Errors in Surveying & Levelling Minimum Steel Reincorcement Errors in Surveying & Levelling Building Elements in a Reinforced Concrete Structure

The minimum amount of steel reinforcement is defined as that for which "peak load at first concrete cracking" and "ultimate load after steel yielding" are equal. In this way, any brittle behavior is avoided as well as any localized failure, if the member is not over-reinforced.

A minimum area of reinforcement is required to control the cracking, which occurs in the concrete due to temperature, shrinkage and creep. It enables cracking to be uniformly distributed and therefore minimizes individual crack width... read more [Read More]

  • 1st Floor
  • Basement Floor
  • Basement Wall
  • Column Bracket
  • Column Capital
  • Drop Panels
  • Exterior Columns
  • Flat Plate
  • Flat Slab
  • ... read more [Read More]
Compound Curves Compound Curves Errors in Surveying & Levelling Errors in Surveying & Levelling

Combination of two or more simple circular curves of different radius having their curvature in the same direction. Essentially, a compound curve consists of two curves that are joined at a point of tangency and are located on the same side of a common tangent.

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A basic method in civil surveying and leveling for measuring different areas and locations. Triangular systems are usually used for land surveying and sounding is basically used for seas, rivers, oceans etc..

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Surveying Equipment Maintenance of Surveying Equipment Surveying Career in Civil Engineering Applications of Surveying in Career

Surveying equipment is being used under most stressful conditions. The equipment is exposed to extreme weather conditions, used in dusty construction areas and is subject to bumpy transportation. Proper care in the method by which equipment is used, stored, transported, and adjusted is a major factor in the successful completion of the survey.

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The basic principles of surveying have changed little over the ages, but the tools used by surveyors have evolved tremendously. Engineering, especial civil engineering depends heavily on surveyors. When ever there are roads, railways, reservoir, dams, retaining walls, bridges, or residential area to be built, surveyors are involved.

Types of Surveying

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Field of Structural Engineering


Work of a structure engineer and Jobs of Structural Engineers


History and Background


Famous Structural Engineering projects and achievements

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