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Civil Engineering Land Surveying Basics
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Land Surveying Class LecturesSurvey Class Lecture Notes Free Download

The history of surveying started with plane surveying when the first line was measured. Today the land surveying basics are the same but the instruments and technology has changed. The surveying equipments used today are much more different than the simple surveying instruments in the past. The land surveying methods too have changed and the surveyor uses more advanced tools and techniques in Land survey.

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Civil Surveying - Topographic Survey
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Circular Curves Circular Curves - Types, Components & Setting Out Curvature & RefractionCurvature & Refraction

Civil Engineering survey is based on measuring, recording and drawing to scale the physical features on the surface of the earth. For different survey sites, different tools and survey equipment is used. The surveyor uses instruments for measuring, a field book for recording and nowadays surveying softwares for plotting and drawing to scale the site features

Maintenance of Surveying Equipment

Distance Measurement Equipment

In civil engineering survey the survey engineers perform various measurements to do professional surveing. The surveying Leveling techniques are aided by instruments as theodolite, Level, tripods, tapes, chains, telescopes etc and then the surveying engineer dafts a report on the proceedings. Curvature and Refraction occur due to.....

Surveying as a Career

Surveying Equipment

Errors in Surveying & Levelling Geodetic Surveying

A basic method in civil surveying and leveling for measuring different areas and locations. Triangular systems are usually used for land surveying and sounding is basically used for seas, rivers, oceans etc.. read more [Read More]

Baseline Measurement - Equipments & Methods

Corrections for Baseline Measurement

Steps for How to do Triangulation

Classification of Triangulation System

Errors in Surveying & Levelling Photographic Surveying Errors in Surveying & Levelling Hydrographic Surveying

A basic method in civil surveying and leveling for measuring different areas and locations. Triangular systems are usually used for land surveying and sounding is basically used for seas, rivers, oceans etc.. read more [Read More]

How to Photogrammetry

Tunnel Survey

Scale Distortion in Photos

A basic method in civil surveying and leveling for measuring different areas and locations. Triangular systems are usually used for land surveying and sounding is basically used for seas, rivers, oceans etc.. read more [Read More]

River Survey

Sounding - Equipments and Methods of Carrying out Sounding

Horizontal & Vertical Controls

Small Plane Table Plane Table Surveying Errors in Surveying & Levelling Errors in Surveying & Levelling

Methods of Plane Table Survey:

  1. Intersection Method
  2. Radiation Method

read more [Read More]

A basic method in civil surveying and leveling for measuring different areas and locations. Triangular systems are usually used for land surveying and sounding is basically used.... read more [Read More]

  1. Instrumental Errors
  2. Collimation Error
  3. Error due to Curvature & Refraction
  4. Other Errors
Surveying Equipment Maintenance of Surveying Equipment Circular Curves Applications of Surveying in Career

Surveying equipment is being used under most stressful conditions. The equipment is exposed to extreme weather conditions, used in dusty construction areas and is subject to bumpy transportation. Proper care in the method by which equipment is used, stored, transported, and adjusted is a major factor in the successful completion of the survey...read more [Read More]

The basic principles of surveying have changed little over the ages, but the tools used by surveyors have evolved tremendously. Engineering, especial civil engineering depends heavily on surveyors. When ever there are roads, railways, reservoir, dams, retaining walls, bridges, or residential area to be built, surveyors are involved.... read more [Read More]

Types of Surveying | Types of Curves

Compound Curves Compound Curves  

Combination of two or more simple circular curves of different radius having their curvature in the same direction. Essentially, a compound curve consists of two curves that are joined at a point of tangency and are located on the same side of a common tangent.

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