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Civil Engineering Engineering Hydrology Applications of Hydrology in Engineering

Uses & Applications of Hydrology in Engineering


In hydrology we apply scientific knowledge and mathematical principles to solve water-related problems in society: problems of quantity, quality and availability. Mathematical models of all Hydrological phenomena are made.

They may be concerned with finding water supplies for cities or irrigated farms, or controlling river flooding or soil erosion. Or, they may work in environmental protection: preventing or cleaning up pollution or locating sites for safe disposal of hazardous wastes.

Applications of Engineering Hydrology

  • ArrowHydrology is used to find out maximum probable flood at proposed sites e.g. Dams.

  • Uses of HydrologyThe variation of water production from catchments can be calculated and described by hydrology.

  • Uses of HydrologyEngineering hydrology enables us to find out the relationship between a catchments’s surface water and groundwater resources

  • Uses of HydrologyThe expected flood flows over a spillway, at a highway Culvert, or in an urban storm drainage system can be known by this very subject.

Related Pages
  • Uses of HydrologyIt helps us to know the required reservoir capacity to assure adequate water for irrigation or municipal water supply in droughts condition.

  • Uses of HydrologyIt tells us what hydrologic hardware (e.g. rain gauges, stream gauges etc) and software (computer models) are needed for real-time flood forecasting

  • Uses of HydrologyUsed in connection with design and operations of hydraulic structure

  • Uses of HydrologyUsed in prediction of flood over a spillway, at highway culvert or in urban storm drainage

  • Uses of HydrologyUsed to assess the reservoir capacity required to assure adequate water for irrigation or municipal water supply during drought

  • Uses of HydrologyHydrology is an indispensable tool in planning and building hydraulic structures.

  • Uses of HydrologyHydrology is used for city water supply design which is based on catchments area, amount of rainfall, dry period, storage capacity, runoff evaporation and transpiration.
  • Uses of HydrologyDam construction, reservoir capacity, spillway capacity, sizes of water supply pipelines and affect of afforest on water supply schemes, all are designed on basis of hydrological equations.

  • Uses of HydrologyDetermining the water balance of a region.

  • Uses of HydrologyDetermining the agricultural water balance.

  • Uses of HydrologyDesigning riparian restoration projects.

  • Uses of HydrologyMitigation and predicting floods, landslides and drought risk.

  • Uses of HydrologyFlood forecasting and flood warnings.

  • Uses of HydrologyDesigning irrigation schemes and managing agricultural productivity.

  • Uses of HydrologyDesigning dams for water supply or hydroelectric power generation.

  • Uses of HydrologyDesigning bridges.

  • Uses of HydrologyDesigning sewers and urban drainage system.

  • Uses of HydrologyPredicting geomorphologic changes, such as, erosion or sedimentation.

  • Uses of HydrologyAssessing the impact of natural and anthropogenic environmental change.

  • Uses of HydrologyAssessing containment transport risk and establishing environmental policy guidelines

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