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of /home/abouaayt/public_html/aboutcivil/answers/qa-plugin/user-management/layer.php How to prevent concrete dusting? - Civil Engineering Technical Questions Answers - Ask a Civil Engineer
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How to prevent concrete dusting?


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  1. Concrete with the lowest water content with an adequate slump for placing and finishing will result in a strong, durable, and wear-resistant surface. In general, use concrete with a moderate slump not exceeding <strong>5 inches [125 mm]</strong>. Concrete with a higher slump may be used provided the mixture is designed to produce the required strength without excessive bleeding and/or segregation. Water-reducing admixtures are typically used to increase slump while maintaining a low water content in the mixture. This is particularly important in cold weather when delayed set results in prolonged bleeding.
  2. NEVER sprinkle or trowel dry cement into the surface of plastic concrete to absorb bleed water. Remove bleed water by dragging a garden hose across the surface. Excessive bleeding of concrete can be reduced by using air-entrained concrete, by modifying mix proportions, or by accelerating the setting time.
  3. DO NOT  perform any finishing operations with water present on the surface or while the concrete continues to bleed. Initial screeding must be promptly followed by bull floating. Delaying bull floating operations can cause bleed water to be worked into surface layer. Do not use a jitterbug, as it tends to bring excess mortar to the surface.DO NOT add water to the surface to facilitate finishing operations.
  4. Do not place concrete directly on polyethylene vapor retarders or non-absorptive subgrades as this can contribute to problems such as dusting, scaling, and cracking. Place 3 to 4 inches [75 to 100 mm] of a trimable, compactible fill, such as a crusher run material, over vapor retarders or non-absorptive subgrade prior to concrete placement. When high evaporation rates exist, lightly dampen absorptive subgrades just prior to concrete placement, ensuring that water does not pond or collect on the subgrade surface.
  5. Provide proper curing by using liquid membrane curing compound or by covering the surface with water, wet burlap, or other curing materials as soon as possible after finishing to retain moisture in the slab. It is important to protect concrete from the environment at early ages.
  6. Placing concrete in cold weather requires concrete temperatures exceeding 50°F [10°C] as well as an accelerating admixture.
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