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Civil Engineering Building construction & Drawing

Building constructions and Drawing
Building Construction and Maintenance Jobs

Computer Aided Designing\Drawing\Drafting

Also known as the mother of all engineering, it is the oldest, most simple and useful of all engineering sciences. Civil engineering is field of engineering sciences, related to construction, design and maintenance of buildings, dams, bridges, tunnels, highways etc. These days there are some pretty sophisticated Professional Drafting Software that can help you create precise drawings without having to use the old manual tools like stencils and and drawing instruments.

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Types of joints

  1. Expansion Joint
  2. Contraction/Control Joint
  3. Construction Joint

Material used to fill joints
Joint fillers

  1. General inspection
  2. Test pit method
  3. Probing method
  4. Boring method
  5. Geo-Physical method
  6. Sub-surface sounding method
  7. Seismic method

Since concrete is a brittle material and is strong in compression. It is weak in tension, so steel is used inside concrete for strengthening and reinforcing the tensile strength of concrete.

When completely surrounded by the hardened concrete mass it forms an integral part of the two materials, known as "Reinforced Concrete" more [Read More]

The arrangement of bricks or stones in each layer as to avoid continiuity of vertical joints in any.... read more [Read More]

Stone Masonary
Types of bonds

The floor of the basement of the building. It is also called cellar. The basement floor is either completely or partially below the ground floor.

A basement can be used in almost exactly the same manner as an additional above-ground floor of a house or other building. ..... read more [Read More]


Vibrations caused by earthquakes generate additional loading. Shear stresses develop which cause damage to structural elements. Since masonry, which can be stressed relatively high in compression, is weak in resisting bending and shear, collapse often results. The different failures modes of masonry are: read more [Read More]

  1. Sliding Shear Failure
  2. Diagonal Cracks
  3. Non-Structural Failure
  4. Overturning

It is a frame structure single storey unit & includes areas for various purposes, such as transformer generator space. Ultimate Strength Design (USD) or Load and Resistance Factors Design (LRFD) method is used for structural design of all the components. The concrete used for all structural members should have a minimum 28 days cylinder crushing strength of 3,000 Psi.

Ultimate Strength Design (USD) or Load and Resistance Factors Design (LRFD) method is used for structural design of all the components. USD method is based on... read more [Read More]

Bamboo Engineering Material Bamboo as Concrete Reinforcement

Building Construction Multi Storey Building Construction

Bamboo is one of the oldest building materials. If we see in history, bamboo was used for construction of houses in areas where there was abundance of plants especially in South America, Africa& south East Asia.

Climate and Bamboo growth:

Bamboo usually grows at temperature of 250 °C to 500 °C.The ideal place for growth of bamboo is fully water free area. These trees usually grow on sandy soil and clayey soil. Organic soil hinders the growth of bamboo. Bamboo usually reaches at height 75 ft with circumference of more [Read More]

Design of building component

  1. Formwork design
  2. Staircase design
  3. Deep Beams
  4. Slabs

Excavation, Layout and Foundation

  • Excavation is a process of making trenches by digging up of earth for the construction of foundations and basements.... read more [Read More]
Bamboo Engineering Material Bond Strength

Building Construction Factor of Safety in Building Construction


The pulling out of steel bars from concrete is resisted by the gripping action of concrete known as bond and the resulting stress is called bond stress. The resistance offered to slipping of bars is due to three factors:

  1. The chemical adhesion between the two materials
  2. The friction due to natural roughness of bars
  3. The mechanical anchorage of the closely spaced rib-shaped deformation made on the bar more [Read More]

Factor of Safety in buildings or other construction is kept so that to compensate any uncertainty in the design process. The uncertainty could come from anywhere in the design process including calculations, material strengths, environmental conditions, natural phenomenons, duty of the structure and last but not the least quality of materials used.

Though there exist some difference when viewed in technical perspective but factor of safety can also be termed as Margin of safety or even Reserve strength..... read more [Read More]


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