Experimental study of Laminar, Transitional and Turbulent Flow
Osborne Reynolds apparatus includes the following parts:
The type of flow in which the particles move in a straight line in the form of a thin parallel sheets is known as the Laminar flow.
The type of flow in which the particles move in a zigzag pattern is known as the turbulent flow.
When the flow changes from laminar to turbulent or vice versa a disturbance is created, it is called as the transitional flow.
When flow is exposed to the environment whether in pipes or open then it is called as the open channel flow.
Closed channel flow:
When flow is not directly exposed to the environment then it is called as the closed or pipe flow.
There are two ways to categorize a flow:
When liquid flows there are three forces acting on it:
It is the ratio of inertial force to the viscous force. Mathematically it is given as
Procedure of the Experiment:
Bend Test on Steel Bar
Reaction in Simply Supported Beam
Deflection in Overhanging Beam