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what is the actual definitions of beam and column?

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what is the actual definitions of beam and column?If a pen is placed vertically,is it called a column or else if is placed horizontally is it called as beam...??????????
asked Aug 20, 2015 in Structural Engineering by mfby2k  

2 Answers

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Any concrete material when used horizontally, it is called beam...and if it used as vertical element,it is called column.
answered Sep 16, 2015 by fawad  
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Beam is flexural member and column is axial member.......generally in structure all our vertical member are designed to resist the axial force and thus called column and horizontal member resist the bending........
answered Sep 16, 2015 by fawad  

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